- 22 April 1860
Petersham, New South Wales, Australia
- 28 March 1921
Chambers was born at Petersham, Sydney, and went to school nearby. He held various positions, from clerk to boundary rider, before travelling to Ireland to visit relatives. He returned to Australia briefly, working in theatre management, before retuning to England and settling in London permanently in 1882. He supported himself as a journalist before going on to achieve great success writing for the theatre, beginning with Captain Swift (1888), a play with significant Australian content. Chambers is often remembered as Australia's first internationally successful playwright, but he also wrote numerous short stories - many with Australian themes and settings - which he published in Truth, Belgravia, Court and Society, Sunday Times, Cassell's Saturday Journal, and other English periodicals, as well as Australian newspapers including the Sydney Bulletin and the Melbourne Leader. His collection of stories, Thumb-Nail Sketches of Australian Life, was published in New York in 1891.